A dental implant is replacement of tooth root. It is placed into the jaw to hold a denture. Tooth roots are implanted to people who have lost teeth due to injury or periodontal diseases.
Types of Implants
Subperiostal dental implants are mounted on the jaw top with metal reinforcements protruding through gums to hold prosthesis in place. These kind of implants are suitable for patients who minimal bone height.
Endosteal dental implants include screws, blades and cylinders are placed on the jaw. The implants hold one or more dentures. Endosteal implants are used by patients with removable dentures.
The Dental Implant Procedure
First is the soft tissue where an incision is made on bone crest and the gingival is split to make two flaps of tissues where the jaw bone is exposed.
Second step is the high speed drilling. Drills are regulated at high speed to prevent burning to make holes. Care is taken not overheat the bone. Overheating can result in damage of the bone cells.
Third step is the low speed drilling whereby the initial holes are expanded using bigger drills.
Fourth step is the actual implanting. The implant is screwed with a drill into place. It needs to be precise not to damage the jaw bone.
Benefits of Dental Implants
Clearer speech – A mouth with poorly-fitted dentures usually causes slurring and mumbling of words when speaking. Good dental implants will keep dentures firmly in place to make a person speak without worry.
Eating – Poorly held dentures lead to poor chewing due to sliding. Due to the fact that they do work like normal teeth roots, dental implants allow painless eating.
Appearance – Implants feel like normal teeth roots. They are designed to stay permanently and they feel like original teeth.
Durability – Implants last for a very long time. When they are taken care of, they will last for a lifetime.